This note explains what the Court of Justice of the European Union (formerly known as the European Court of Justice (ECJ)) is, why a reference would be made to it and who can make a reference. The note gives examples of questions which might be referred to the ECJ and sets out a brief summary of the procedure to be followed and the effect of a ruling by the ECJ on the question referred.
This note considers: The Rome I Regulation on the law applicable to contractual obligations. The Rome II Regulation on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations. It summarises the background to both Regulations, their legislative history and key objectives (including the instruments which preceded their introduction, namely the Rome Convention on the law applicable to contractual obligations and the Private International Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1995).